ACERC research on Albanian Res Capacities and Market Perspectives within EU Policies of 2020 and 2030 by Dr Lorenc Gordani, December 21th, 2015

Albania in framework of Energy Community (EnC) is committed
to binding renewable energy targets of the 2020. The decision is part of the
adoption in 2012 of Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy
from renewable sources. In this regard, ACERC has prepared a
research study on the progress in renewable energy and an evaluation
of action to be taken by the country.

The research identifies, that several compliance gaps
with respect to the Renewables Directive remain, in relation to administrative
procedures in all sectors. The legislative framework is still not conducive to
investments in renewable energy, which is reflected among others in the
improper formulation of Power Purchase Agreements which are halting
investments, complicated authorisation and licensing rules and unsatisfactory
rules for connection to the networks. Biofuels sustainability criteria and
establishment of certification schemes have not been adopted in the country.

The research study examine the consistency,
effectiveness, relevance and viability of the national legislative measures
with the provisions of the Directive 2009/28/EC. The analysis identified
inconsistencies in the data reported with official energy statistics, mostly
related to biomass consumption. A fully adaptation of directive and the
revision of energy statistics based on energy consumption surveys is needed.

The study concludes that some progress has been
achieved on the use of renewable sources for electricity generation.
Nevertheless, the heating and cooling and transport sectors are severely
lagging behind. Then the country is at least slightly below the trajectory for
meeting the 2020 renewable energy targets in 2020. In certain sectors, a
revision of policies currently in place is urgently needed.